The equilibrium constant for the ionization of a base is known as the base ionization constant (kb).
You must have learned that when a litmus paper is placed in an acid or base, it changes color in your classes. This is also the indicating test to determine whether the given liquid is acid or base, or just water! Has it ever occurred to you what happens after identifying the given solution? Are all the acids or bases the same? Do all bases have the same properties or strength? The answer is a ‘no, all bases are not the same.!
They all have different strengths and different properties. There are 2 basic types of bases on the basis of their strength- weak base and strong base. Note here that we have used the term "strength of the base." What is this really? Let's find out!
The capacity of a species to receive H+ from another species is its base strength (Brønsted-Lowry theory). The higher a species' capacity to receive an H+ from another species, the stronger its basic strength becomes.
NH₃ (aq)+ H₂O (l) ⇄ NH+₄ (aq) + OH− (aq)
An equilibrium equation may be developed for the interactions of weak bases and water. Water is not included in the equation since its concentration is exceedingly high and nearly constant. The equilibrium constant for the ionization of a base is known as the base ionization constant (Kb). The Kb equation for ammonia is:
Kb = [NH+₄] [OH−] / [NH₃]
FEW COMMON USES OF STRONG BASES:
Strong bases have a slick, soapy texture and a high pH value. Cleaning solutions and antacids both include strong bases. Sodium hydroxide is a common element in drain unclogging solutions. Check the sodium hydroxide in the list of active components the next time you buy a bottle of chemical drain cleaner.
FEW COMMON USES OF WEAK BASES:
Because of their involvement in buffer solutions, weak bases have major uses in biological investigations, chemistry processes, and physiological objectives. Weak bases can also be employed to catalyze processes like the production of enolates, as seen in the diagram below:
1. How do you know if a Kb base is strong or weak?
A significant Kb value implies a strong base's high amount of dissociation. A lower pKb number denotes a more powerful base.
2. Why do strong bases have large Kb values?
The basic dissociation constant is Kb. In water, the base dissociation constant is a measurement of how thoroughly a base dissociates into its component ions. A significant Kb value implies a strong base since the base has fully dissociated.
3. What is the kb of weak bases?
The base dissociation coefficients are calculated in the same way as the acid dissociation values are calculated. A strong base has a small pKb value, while a weak base has a great pKb value.
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