A catalyst is any material that speeds up a process without being utilized.
The curdling of milk is a natural phenomenon. It is very common in our households when the milk is left out in the open for a long time. Curdled milk is used to make cheese. But the industrial level manufacturing of cheese cannot rely on waiting for the milk to curdle. So, what do you think they do? 🤔 They induce curdling in the milk by adding a catalyst or a reagent that enhances the speed of the process. Similar is the case with chemical reactions! When we need to increase the reaction speed, we simply add a catalyst to the reaction.
1. What is a catalyst in chemistry?
A catalyst is any material that speeds up a process without being depleted.
2. Do catalysts affect intermediates?
Catalysts often react with one or more reactants to produce intermediates, providing the ultimate reaction product renewing the catalyst in the procedure. So yes, catalysts determine which intermediate will be formed in a reaction.
3. What are the differences between an intermediate and a transition state?
The difference between an intermediate and a transition state is that an intermediate has a discontinuous duration (ranging from a few nanoseconds to several days). However, a transition state only lasts for one bond vibration cycle. An intermediate might be a very unstable compound (an unstable intermediate) or a stable compound (a non-reactive intermediate).
4. Is a catalyst the same as an intermediate?
At the start of the process, a catalyst is employed, and it is then regenerated at completion. During the process, an intermediate is formed, but it vanishes at completion. Thus a catalyst is not the same as an intermediate.
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