The removal of electrons by a molecule, atom, or ion during a process is known as oxidation.
You may have observed that chip and snack packages have more air in them. Because oxygen is an extremely reactive gas, it might oxidize the fats or oils in the snack, causing it to deteriorate. When fats or oils are oxidized for a long time, they develop an unpalatable taste and odour. Nitrogen gas, in fact, is utilized in the packing of chips and other snacks to keep food from deteriorating. Wondering what oxidation is? Let's find out.
The removal of electrons by a molecule, atom, or ion during a process is known as oxidation. The oxidation number (also called the oxidation state) is the total number of electrons that an atom either gains or loses in order to form a chemical bond with another atom. The opposite process is called reduction. When the oxidation number of a compound, atom, or ion increases, it is said to be oxidized.
When oxygen was added to a chemical, it was referred to as oxidation because oxygen gas was the very first recognized oxidizing agent. However, adding oxygen to a substance usually results in electron losses and a rise in oxidation state; the concept of oxidation has been broadened to cover different chemical processes.
Now let’s discuss the oxidation of hydrocarbons in respect of the addition of oxygen to the compound:
After you've mastered oxidations and reductions, you'll find that some compounds' reactions can occur in a logical order.
This is what we call an oxidation ladder.
1. What is the oxidation of propanol?
Propanol is oxidized to the aldehyde propanal by sodium dichromate acidified in dilute sulphuric acid. The color shift of the dichromate solution as it has been reduced from orange to green indicates the oxidation of the alcohol to an aldehyde.
2. Can 2-propanol be oxidized to a carboxylic acid?
A carboxylic acid can be formed when propanol (primary alcohol) is oxidized. Different alcohol kinds react to oxidation in different ways. 2-propanol is a secondary alcohol that may be converted to a ketone by oxidation but not carboxylic acid.
3. Which compound is formed by the oxidation of 2-propanol?
The oxidation result is a ketone instead of an aldehyde when the alcohol to be oxidized is secondary. Propanone is produced by oxidizing the most basic secondary alcohol, 2-propanol.
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