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Sarah Taylor

HS-ESS1-4

Einstein’s Theory Of Gravity Study Guide

General relativity is the basic concept that explains the theory of gravity by Einstein.

INTRODUCTION

Until Einstein, space appeared featureless and unvarying, as described by Isaac Newton two centuries ago. And time, according to Newton, moved at its own rate, unconcerned with the devices that kept track of it. However, when Einstein looked at space and time, he saw a definite situation stage — spacetime — on which energy and matter moved, producing sound and fury and indicating gravity. Let’s take a closer look at the theory of gravity by Einstein. 

WHAT IS GRAVITY?

The meaning of gravity explains it to be  a force that binds all matter together. Gravity increases with the amount of matter present, therefore objects with a lot of stuff, such as planets, moons, and stars, pull more powerfully.

EINSTEIN’S THEORY OF GRAVITY

  • Einstein, like Newton, believed that space had three dimensions: width, length, and height.
  • It's possible that space is filled with matter, but it's also possible that it isn't.
  • Newton, on the other hand, did not believe that the celestial objects had any effect on it.
  • Einstein was one of them. He proposed that a mass has a lot of ability to prod space. It has the ability to twist, bend, push, and pull it.
  • Gravity was just a direct byproduct of a mass's presence in space.
  • Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, published in 1905, adds time as a fourth dimension to space, resulting in space-time.
  • Time can be sped up or slowed down by large masses.

earth Source

  • By hopping on a trampoline, you may visualize Einstein's gravity warp.
  • The flexible fabric of space is depressed by your mass.
  • If you push a ball over  the warp at your feet, it will curve in the direction of your mass.
  • The more you weigh, the more space bends around you.
  • Look at the trampoline's boundaries; the warp decreases as you get further away from your mass.

GRAVITATIONAL WAVES

  • Gravitational waves are ripples in space-time caused by extreme events like the combination of two black holes, according to Einstein.
  • Although Einstein anticipated gravitational waves, he was skeptical that scientists would ever find them.
  • Only a small quantity of space is squeezed and stretched by gravitational waves.
  • In reality, it's absurdly, horrifically, nearly incredibly tiny: tens of millions of times smaller than an atom's diameter.

galaxy Source

Note

In 2016, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) declared for the first period that it had discovered such a wave.

TIME DILATION

  • Time dilation in this hypothesis is determined by the intensity of the immediate gravitational field rather than the pace of transit.
  • We currently live in a modest gravitational field on the surface of the Earth, therefore we're already experiencing time dilation without even recognising it.
  • Additionally, when we rise up and go down within Earth's field, the magnitude of the influence changes.

SUMMARY

  • Gravity is a  force that binds all matter together.
  • Einstein proposed that a mass has a lot of ability to push space. It has the ability to twist, bend, push, and pull it. Gravity was just a direct byproduct of a mass's presence in space. 
  • Time dilation in this hypothesis is determined by the intensity of the immediate gravitational field rather than the pace of transit.

 

FAQs

Q. What was Albert Einstein's theory of gravity?

He proposed that a mass has a lot of ability to push space. It has the ability to twist, bend, push, and pull it. Gravity was just a direct byproduct of a mass's presence in space. 

Q. How is Einstein's theory of gravity different from Newton’s?

Einstein viewed gravity as a curve in a 4-dimensional space-time fabric related to particle masses, whereas Newton characterized gravity as a force exerted equally between two things in relation to their masses.

Q. Has Einstein's theory of gravity been proven?

Scientists claim to have established the presence of gravitational waves, which are waves in space-time associated with moving objects all through the Cosmos.

We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Einstein’s Theory Of Gravity! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! Don't forget to download our App to experience our fun, VR classrooms - we promise, it makes studying much more fun! 😎 

REFERENCE

  1. Einstein’s Theory of Gravity: https://flexbooks.ck12.org/cbook/ck-12-physics-flexbook-2.0/section/5.6/primary/lesson/einsteins-concept-of-gravity-ms-ps/ Accessed 19th April 2022
  2. Einstein’s Theory of Gravity: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-osuniversityphysics/chapter/13-8-einsteins-theory-of-gravity/ Accessed 19th April 2022