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The circulatory system is an essential system in the human body that is responsible for the transportation of blood and nutrients to all parts of the body. It consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Superior Vena Cava
The superior vena cava (SVC) is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper half of the body back to the heart. It is located in the chest and is the second-largest vein in the body.
Inferior Vena Cava
The inferior vena cava (IVC) is a large vein that runs parallel to the spine and carries deoxygenated blood from the lower half of the body back to the heart. It is the largest vein in the body and plays a crucial role in the circulatory system.
The heart pumps blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues. It's a muscular organ located in the chest, between the lungs, and behind the breastbone. It has four chambers, valves, and an electrical system that controls the heartbeat.
The femoral artery is a major blood vessel that runs through the thigh and provides oxygenated blood to the lower extremities. It is the main arterial supply to the lower limb and is essential for normal leg function.
The femoral vein is a significant blood vessel that runs parallel to the femoral artery in the thigh. It returns deoxygenated blood from the lower extremities to the heart. As a crucial component of the venous system, it is responsible for ensuring proper blood flow throughout the body.
The aorta is the biggest artery in our body and is crucial to our circulatory system. It starts from the left ventricle of the heart and transports oxygen-rich blood to every part of the body except the lungs.